October 1846

October 2, 1846
APPALLING DISTRESS.

We pray attention to the statement of the Rev. Mr. Daly contained in this day's paper, with reference to the destitution of the parish of Kilworth, of which he is the pastor. Many of the poor inhabitants, he declared, at the Fermoy Presentment Sessions, had no other means of subsistence but cabbage leaves, the effects of eating which were visible in their altered frames and appearance. The Earl of MOUNTCASHEL, without repeating the shocking details, testified to the truth of every word of the Clergyman's recital. It is strange that a state of circumstances, so undoubtedly real and sickening to contemplate, should occur in a Christian land.

October 8, 1846.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE CORK EXAMINER.

SIR,-- On yesterday morning the 7th instant, on my way to the Union-house in company with my three destitute children, so as to receive some relief in getting some Indian Meal porridge, to our great mortification the two sides of the road were lined with police and infantry-- muskets, with screwed bayonets and knapsacks filled with powder and ball, ready prepared to slaughter us, hungry victims.

Gracious heaven, said I, are these what Lord John Russell sent us in lieu of Commissary officers with depots and granaries full of flour and meal under their control, to alleviate the wants of the destitute poor, such as that great statesman Sir Robert Peel had done?

Sir, I have heard a great deal of vain boasting, and philanthropic acts which were to be done by Whigs and Liberals if they were in power.

But I, say, if the Devil himself had the reins of Government from her Britannic Majesty he could not give worse food to her subjects, or more pernicious, than powder and ball.

I am Sir, yours truly, A PAUPER.

October 14, 1846
FOOD RIOTS IN GALWAY

On last Thursday an escort, composed of the Catholic clergyman and other inhabitants of the town of Galway, proceeded to accompany several carts of flour, intended to supply the rural districts, which the magistrates, to avoid the necessity of calling out the police, had suffered to remain in town. As the carts were passing one of the thoroughfares, the women in the vicinity, in the absence of their husbands who had departed to stop the flour at another point, rushed upon the provisions and endeavoured to pillage them.

In the attack one woman belonging to the party unfortunately met her death. She laid hold of the head of one of the horses, exclaiming she would have some of the meal or lose her life. The driver at the same moment struck the horse with his whip, the result of which was that the unfortunate woman fell, when the wheel of the cart passed over her throat, killing her on the spot.

October 16, 1846
RENTS.

On Saturday night a meeting of Mr. Gough's tenantry was held in Upper Clennaneese, for the purpose of considering what was to be done about rents under existing circumstances. The meeting unanimously agreed that it was utterly impossible to pay the year's rent, the potatoes having been totally lost, and all the grain sown being only sufficient to feed their families for five months. In order to signify the result of the meeting to Mr. Gough, two persons were deputed to wait upon him. --Armagh Guardian.

October 19, 1846
OPENING OF THE PORTS.

At Manchester, on Wednesday, there was a numerous meeting of the working men and others, when a memorial to Lord John Russell was adopted, urging the necessity of opening the ports of the United Kingdom, and admitting all kinds of provisions duty free. The distress in Ireland, and the price of food in all quarters, were dwelt upon by the person who addressed the meeting. It is stated in the memorial that--

"The rise in the price of bread within a few weeks has been nearly three-fifths of the whole cost, or nearly 3,000 per week for this town alone; which sum is, of course, abstracted from the receipts of the general tradesman, and is thus operative to the destruction of the home market for manufacturers."

A similar memorial has been forwarded from Dundee.

October 23, 1846
IRISH WORKHOUSES.

The recent increase of inmates in the Union Workhouses affords a most striking test of destitution in some places. A few weeks ago only four of the Workhouses had their full complement, and, owing to the repugnance of the peasantry to this mode of relief, many of the houses had not half the nuimber-- in some instances not a fourth. But, a this moment, the Workhouses of Cork, Waterford, and some other towns, contain more than they were calculated to accommodate. Altogether, the increase, as compared with last October (1845) is fully fifty per cent. --Evening Post.

October 25, 1846
THE POTATO CROP IN ENGLAND.

We are informed by our letters from the eastern counties and other quarters that the failure is by no means as great as was anticipated before the farmers began to dig them up. When the tops were all withered and blighted it was concluded that all below ground would likewise be a total loss. These fears have not been realized, and we are happy to hear it and to tell it. A third of the crop in some places and in others half, or even more, will be saved. This, to be sure, is bad enough; but it is so much better than was expected that we hail it as very satisfactory intelligence.

And there is also another comparative advantage this year over last, namely, that we seem to know the worst of it at once. The potatoes do not rot after being got up in the rapid and extraordinary manner in which they were effected last autumn. They were then so saturated with wet from the long and heavy rains that nothing could check the disease. This year the fine weather has given them a better chance, and the consequence is as we have described it.

The same accounts tell us that the wheat now that is got in and partially thrashed turns out to be most splendid in quality, but, we regret to add, deficient in quantity. On the low moist soils the yield has been very great; but this has been so balanced by the poor crops on the higher ground that an average will by no means be reached on the whole. --Liverpool Albion.

October 30, 1846
DEATH BY STARVATION

A Coroners Inquest was held on the lands of Redwood, in the Parish of Lorha, on yesterday, the 24th, on the body of Daniel Hayes, who for several days subsisted almost on the refuse of vegetables, and went out on Friday morning in quest of something in the shape of food, but he had not gone far when he was obliged to lie down, and, melancholy to relate, was found dead some time afterward. --Tipperary Vindicator.