Descendants of Hendrick Joachemsen Schoonmaker
of Hamburg HRE and Dutch America

Schoonmaker

Generation #1

Hendrick Joachemsen Schoonmaker of New Amsterdam

Hendrick, son of Joachem, was christened 11/29/1624 in Hamburg (die Grosse Hansea Stadt), Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Hendrick's parents are believed to have been Dutch merchants, living in the largest city of the Hanseatic League. But, was Hendrick Dutch, German, or even Danish. Reportedly, Hendrick's parents were married in Breestede, Duchy of Schleswig, then a Danish territory. Cursory examination of the spelling of names in the Schoonmaker family leads to appreciation of possible Danish origin.

In 1653 Hendrick immigrated to New Amsterdam. As the son of merchants, it was possible for Hendrick to have booked passage to the New World without having migrated to Holland. Evidently, Hendrick was recruited for military service for the Dutch West Indies Company with the rank of Lieutenant.

In 1653 at Fort Orange (Albany Dist.) NY, Hendrick married Elsje Janse Van Breestede b. c. 1623 Breestede, Duchy of Holstein. Hendrick and Elsje settled purchased property and settled initially at Ft. Orange where he operated an inn.

In 1659 when the Wiltwyck settlement south of Ft. Orange was threatened by Indians, Hendrick volunteered for service, eventually selling his holdings at Ft. Orange. On 3/28/1660, Hendrick appears as a soldier in the "Netherlandish service in the company of his Noble Honor, the Director General," then stationed at Esopus (Wiltwyck now Kingston). And, the Esopus volunteers were granted land as payment for service. In May of 1662 the Esopus militia was organized with Hendrick as Lieutenant. And, they would be needed.

On 7/7/1663 Hendrick was a central figure in what we know as the the Battle of the Wiltwyck Stockade. Without notice, the Esopus Indians had infiltrated the stockade by twos and threes. When on command, a general melee ensued. Hendrick, who had been standing at the gate, ran first to his house to protect his family. Being severely wounded, Hendrick and others continued the fight amongst the houses until reinforcements arrived.. In the end, with the aid of cannons, the savages were cleared from the stockade. But many of the residents of Esopus had been taken captive, including Hendrick's oldest son, Joachem Hendrick.

In the days and weeks immediately following, the Esopus Militia, in the company of additional reinforcements from New Amsterdam, scoured the countryside all the way up Rondout Kill to Wawarsink where they stormed the Indian fortifications and most of the hostages were freed. But most importantly, the military might of the Esopus Indians had been destroyed, and the survivors were scattered among the many Indian villages of the Hudson Valley.

In 1664 the Dutch colonies in North America were captured by a fleet sent by the Duke of York and were renamed New York. Eventually, the Dutch communities would come under English administrative control. But, this was not very popular with the folks at Esopus.

On 2/4/1667 the people of Kingston took up arms against the English in revolt against their abusive authority and in response to the imprisonment of Barent Slecht. Barent was severely beaten for defending himself and his family from a detachment of British soldiers who had entered his brewhouse and harassed his family. The Dutch burghers marched on the British garrison, demanding Cornelis' release and the court ordered his release, but Captain Brodhead, the English commander, defied them all, saying he would keep Cornelis "as long as he wished" and threatened violence should the matter be pressed. In April during hearings on the "Esopus Mutiny," Captain Broadhead admitted his actions and was suspended from his command for disobeying the orders issued by the British governor of New York forbidding harassment of Dutch citizens. 

Also, Albert Heymans, Roosa, and others were found guilty of a "rebellious and mutinous riot" and were taken to New York City for sentencing. On 5/3/1668 Albert Heymans was sentenced to be banished for life out of the lands of the New York colony and the others for shorter terms out of Esopus, Albany, and New York.

Eventually, the inhabitants of Kingston began to assimilate into the new English culture. But, leave town and head up the Old Mine Road toward the Delaware; and the folks of the hinterland didn't speak English for another 100+ years.

When not fighting Indians or taking shifts of guard duty, Hendrick was both an innkeeper and a farmer. Hendrick wrote his will on 3/4/1682 and died shortly thereafter in Kingston, Ulster Co NY.

Hendrick Jocemse Schoonmaker aka Hein Schomaker christened November 29, 1624, at St. Petri Kirke, die Grosse Hansea Stadt, HRE, son of Jochim Schomaker.
Immigrant Hendrick Jochemsen Schoonmaker; Year: 1653; Place: New York.
"The Dutch Settlers Society of Albany. Yearbook, v. 45 (1974-1977)," p. 54.
Lieutenant Hendrick Schoonmaker of the Burgher Guard streaked for home from the river gate, where he and Jacob Pietersen the miller had been standing, and "was severely wounded in his house by two shots," but evidently he saved himself and the others there.

Reformed Dutch Church, Wiltwyck NY: 1/5/1679

Parents Child Sponsors
Cornelis Vernoy
Annetie Cornelis
Cornelis Elsje Jans
Hendrick Jochemse
Ulster Co NY Probate Book VI Part A, p. 56:
Hendrick Jochemsen and Elsje Jochems, his wife temporary disposition dated March 4, 1682, and written in Dutch:
Survivor to possess everything, lands, money, goods, gold, silver, coined or uncoined; should the survivor remarry, one half of the property is to be returned to the other heirs.
The wife's children by a former marriage: Jochem Hendris, Eghbert Hendris, Engletie Hendris, Henrick Hendris, and Peter Andriaensen.
Hendrick Jochemsz, Elsie Jansen, wife of Hendrick Jochemsz (her mark); witnessed by Wessel Ten Broek and W. D. Meyer.

    Children

    1. Joachem Hendrixsen Schoonmaker b. c. 1655 Ft. Orange (Albany) New Amsterdam

    2. Egbert Hendrixsen Schoonmaker

Ulster Co NY Probate Book VI Part A, p. 56:
Hendrick Jochemsen and Elsje Jochems, his wife. . .March 4, 1682:.
The wife's children by a former marriage: Jochem Hendris, Eghbert Hendris, Engletie Hendris, Henrick Hendris, and Peter Andriaensen.

Dutch Reformed Church, Kingston, Ulster Co NY: 8/17/1683

Parents Child Sponsors
Jochem Hendricz
Pietronella Slegt
Hendric Egbert Hendricz
Engeltie Hendricz
Dutch Reformed Church, Kingston NY: 
1684 13 Oct; Egbert Hendricz, jm, born New Albany, liv Kingston;
Anna Berry, born New York, liv Kingstone. (b)

    3. Engletje Hendricksze Schoonmaker

Dutch Reformed Church, Wiltwyck NY: 3/18/1663

Parents Child Sponsors
Hendrick Jochemsen
Elsjen Jans
Engeltjen Engeltjen Cornelis
Jakemyntje Cornelis
Toomes Chambers
Ulster Co NY Probate Book VI Part A, p. 56:
Hendrick Jochemsen and Elsje Jochems, his wife. . .March 4, 1682:.
The wife's children by a former marriage: Jochem Hendris, Eghbert Hendris, Engletie Hendris, Henrick Hendris, and Peter Andriaensen.
Engeltie Hendris, wife of Nicholas Anthony, is to inherit her share, that is her grandmother's small closet, a pewter saucers, and a cow.
Dutch Reformed Church, Kingston NY: 
1699. Stephanus Gasherie, jm, born Marenne, France;
Engeltje Hendricks, born Kingston, wid Niclaes Antonie, both liv Kingston.

    4. Hendrick Hendrickixsen Schoonmaker (Twin)

Dutch Reformed Church, Wiltwyck NY: 5/17/1665

Parents Child Sponsors
Hendrick Jochemsen
Elsjen Jans
Hendrick &
Volckert
Jan Jansen van Breestee, 
Volchert Jansen,
Rut Jacobsen, Sytje Ariaensen,
Marretje Andriessen
Ulster Co NY Probate Book VI Part A, p. 56:
Hendrick Jochemsen and Elsje Jochems, his wife. . .March 4, 1682:.
The wife's children by a former marriage: Jochem Hendris, Eghbert Hendris, Engletie Hendris, Henrick Hendris, and Peter Andriaensen.
Dutch Reformed Church, Kingston NY: 
1688 24 Mar; Hendrick Hendrixen Schoumaecker, jm, born Kingston;
Geerthruy de Witt
, jd, born Kings Touwn.

    5. Volckerte Schoonmaker (Twin)

Dutch Reformed Church, Wiltwyck NY: 5/17/1665

Parents Child Sponsors
Hendrick Jochemsen
Elsjen Jans
Hendrick &
Volckert
Jan Jansen van Breestee,
Volchert Jansen,
Rut Jacobsen, Sytje Ariaensen,
Marretje Andriessen

    6. Hillitje Schoonmaker

Dutch Reformed Church, Wiltwyck NY: 10/20/1669

Parents Child Sponsors
Hendrick Jochemsen
Elsjen Jans
Hilletie Jacob Abraham
Grietie Rutsen

Generation #2

Caveat

This site is provided for reference only. Except where specifically cited, information contained is conjecture and should not be considered as fact.
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