Descendants of Thomas W. Burke
of County Mayo, Ireland

Irish Republican Flag 1790 - 1848

Generation #1

Thomas W. Burke of County Mayo, Ireland

Research Note: The atDNA sample from a direct descendant of Thomas Burke is a match to the Burke family of Shrule, County Mayo, Ireland.

Thomas W. Burke was born 1823 in County Mayo, Ireland. Nothing certain is known of his life in Ireland or his migration to America. However, several evidences indicate Thomas was in America by 1850.

In the 1850 New Orleans LA Census, we find a Thomas Burk of County Mayo (Ireland). This Thomas appears to be one of six boarders living in the Lane household. And, Thomas' arrival before 1850 is consistent with the mass migration from Ireland during the Great Famine (1845-1849).

In about 1851 probably at the Cathedral in Natchez, Thomas married Mary Jane Lambright b. 1830 in Mississippi. This date for the marriage is set by oldest daughter Margaret's birth in 1851. They and their first four children are found enumerated in the 1860 Franklin Co MS Census.

On 9/25/1861, Thomas, aged 38, enlisted in the 7th Mississippi Infantry, CSA at Shieldsboro, Adams Co MS. Thomas and the 7th Miss Infantry initially served in coastal defense under Gen. Bragg. In March of 1862, the Regiment transported to Jackson TN by rail but was recalled to Corinth MS when the Union Army of the Tennessee invaded up the Tennessee River Valley. The 7th Miss Infantry was transferred to the newly organized Confederate Army of Mississippi under Gen. Albert Sydney Johnston and assigned to Chalmer's Brigade in Wiither's Division of Gen. Bragg's Corps.

Battle of Shiloh

The Union Army of the Tennessee under Gen. Grant was assembled at Pittsburg Landing at the confluence of Shiloh Creek and the Tennessee River, awaiting the arrival of the Union Army of the Cumberland. So, Confederate Gen. Johnston decided to attack Grant before the second Union army arrived. Early Sunday morning, 4/6/1862, the 7th Miss Infantry as part of Gen. Bragg's Corps charged into the Union encampment. The ferocity of the ensuing battle was unprecedented in the western theater. Gen. Johnston's Army continued to push the Federals back toward the river. Were it not for Union divisions under BG Wallace and BG Prentiss (the equivalent of an entire army Corps), who stood their ground until overrun, this would have been a Confederate victory. However, the next day with the arrival of the Army of the Ohio, the tide turned. And, the 7th Miss Infantry along with the remainder of the Army of Mississippi retreated to Corinth MS where they were besieged.

Kentucky Campaign

In September of 1862, the 7th Miss Infantry, Chalmer's Brigade. Wither's Division, Polk's Corps deployed by rail through Atlanta to central Kentucky where they fought in Gen. Bragg's Kentucky Campaign. Having arrived at Glasgow KY, the Regiment moved up the Louisville and Nashville Railroad to Munfordville where they were part of the assault and siege of the Union fortifications from 9/14 to 9/17/1862.

From Munfordville, the 7th Miss Infantry and Chalmer's Brigade moved north toward Louisville but were stymied when the Union Army of the Ohio, who had been trailing them from Tennessee, moved north into a blocking position at Louisville. Thus, Chalmer's Brigade moved to Bardstown by 9/22/1862 where they were the left flank of the Army of Mississippi which was deployed in a 50-mile long line from Bardstown to Frankfort.

Union Gen. Buell and the Army of the Ohio pushed south of of Louisville in three columns, one Corps per column, striking a heavy blow to the Confederate line and forcing Gen. Bragg to consolidate his disparate forces. The Battle of Bardstown was fought on 10/4/1862 where Terry's Texas Rangers, CSA fought a successful rearguard action. And, the 7th Miss Infantry marched toward Perryville to join up with the main body of Bragg's Army. NARA records inform that Grandpa Thomas was captured and died in the hands of the enemy in Kentucky."

Research Note: PVT Thomas Burke is buried in the Confederate section of Bardstown City Cemetery along with 66 other Confederates. The inscription on his stone has the date 10/31/1862. Grandpa Thomas was captured sometime between 10/4 and 10/8/1862. Where he was held is unknown. Let us be generous and presume that he died of wounds suffered in battle.

The scattered Confederate dead from the immediate vicinity of Bardstown were gathered and re-interred in the City Cemetery. And, the hundreds of Confederate dead from the Battle of Perryville were buried at Perryville on the knoll at Henry Bottom's farm.

Life would have been difficult after Thomas' death. Fortunately, Mary Jane and children found solace when she married the widower, William Case, their neighbor from down the road. Of note, Mary Jane's and William's children would intermarry, causing the Case/ Burke Family to be "double cousins."

Thomas W Burke
Co E, 7th Miss Inf, CSA
Oct 31, 1862
. . .In memory of the 67 brave men
who lost their lives in service to
the Confederate Government. . .
Lest we forget.
We care not whence they came.
Dear in the lifeless clay;
Whether unknown or known to fame,
Their cause and country still the same,
They died and wore the gray.
1860 Federal Census: Franklin County, Mississippi
FN  LN   LAST  FIRST      AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH        
=========================================================
176      Lane  Ann        42  F             Ireland
         Burk  Thomas     27  M             Ireland
1860 Federal Census: Franklin County, Mississippi
FN  LN   LAST  FIRST      AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH        
=========================================================
524 515  Burke Thomas W.  37  M   Farmer    Mayo Ireland
               Mary       30  F   Domestic  Miss       
               Margaret    9  F             Miss       
               Dorcas      7  F             Miss       
               Catherine   3  F             Miss       
               Martin      1  M             Miss       
Thomas W. Burke (First_Last)
Regiment Name 7 Mississippi Infantry.
Side Confederate
Company E
Soldier's Rank_In Private
Soldier's Rank_Out Private

"This monument is erected in the memory of the 67 brave men buried here, who lost their lives in the service of the Confederate Government.

Lord God of Hosts be with us yet, Lest we forget
Marble tells not of their valor's worth, Nameless they rest in the earth
We care not whence they came, Dear in their lifeless clay,
Whether unknown or known to fame, Their cause and country still the same,
They died and wore the gray."

BURKE, Thomas W.; Co. E; 7 Miss Inf; CSA, 10/31/1862

    Children

    Note: Daughters Margaret and Catherine Burke married their step-brothers, Perry and Allen Case. Son Thomas Martin and daughter Roberta married the Coles, Mattie and Leonadus.

    1. Margaret Burke b. 1851 Franklin Co MS

    2. Dorcas Burke

    3. Catherine Burke

 Name  Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace
 Allen CASE   Self   M   Male   W   25   MS   Farmer   MS ]  MS 
 Catherine CASE   Wife   M   Female   W   23   MS   Keeping House   MS   MS 
Natchez City Cemetery
Allen J Case,  Dec. 2, 1856; Oct. 11, 1940, (6) Catholic Hill
Katherine Case, Apr. 9, 1858; Jan. 29, 1929, (6) Catholic Hill

    4. Thomas Martin Burke

Burke, T. M. Mar 17, 1859/Jan 10, 1895 (6)
Burke, Mattie G. Feb 23, 1868/Jun 20, 1943 (6)

    5. Roberta Burke

Cole, Roberta Burke Jul 30, 1861/Jul 11, 1925 (9)

Generation #2

Caveat

This site is provided for reference only. Except where specifically cited, information contained is conjecture and should not be considered as fact.
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