Christian Neuschwanger of the Duchy of Wurttemburg
Severe climate and the devastation by the French Army in the Rhineland during the War of Spanish Succession (1704-1705) forced tens of thousands of other ethnic German Protestants to flee. These Palatinates survived a journey down the Rhine River to Rotterdam and a voyage across the English Channel to a temporary haven south of London. [Palatinate Immigration]
Christian Neuschwanger was born in 1703 probably in southwestern Germany. He died before the Feb 22 1738 near Winchester, Frederick County, Virginia. Christian's name was spelled Nighswanger by the English hand that copied his signature when he arrived in America.
Christian and Maria were born near each other, came to America at the same time and grew up in the Mennonite settlement at Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. They were married in 1720 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
On May 10, 1728 Christian Neuswanger and Hans Justus Heydt (anglicized to Jost Hite) together with seventy-five other people signed a petition to Governor Gordon of Pennsylvania asking for protection from the Indians who were harassing and killing their people. The document is dated and signed at Colesbrookdale, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
In 1732 Jost Hite, sometimes referred to as the 'Old Swiss Baron' purchased and was granted by the Crown of England through the council of Virginia, a large tract of land in the Shenandoah Valley. He came to Virginia with sixteen families, among them Christian and Maria Magdelena Neuschwanger with two of their children. [Hite Migration Map]
On March 30, 1736 Jost and Anne Marie HITE conveyed 435 acres of land west of the Shenandoah River to Christian Neuschwanger (the 2nd deed given by HITE), and recorded in Orange County, Book 1, Page 436, which was recently formed out of Spotsylvania County and before Frederick County was formed. Christian died in Feb 1738 and on Feb 22 1738 Jost Hite conveyed the identical piece of land to Christian's eldest son Jacob for 16 pounds.
In 1737 Jost and Anna Maria settled at Long Meadow, Frederick Co VA where Anna Maria died in 1739. Jost remarried on 11/10/1741 to Maria Magdalena Herr b. c. 1708, widow of Christian Neuschwanger and granddaughter of Bishop Hans Herr. Jost died 5/7/1760 in Kernstown, Frederick Co VA. He and Anna Maria are believed to be buried at the ruins of the original Lutheran Church in Winchester, Virginia.
Born 1703 Duchy of Wurttemburg
Immigrated 9/23/1710 to Philadelphia PA
Married 1720 in Lancaster Co PA to Maria Magdelena Herr b. c. 1708 Duchy of Wurttemburg
5/10/1728 Petition for relief from Indian attacks
|Petition of the Inhabitants of Colebrookdale [Perkiomen Creek
Settlement, Philadelphia (now Montgomery) Co PA]-
[Pennsylvania Archives, 1664-1747, Page 213.]
To His Excellency Patrick Gordon Esqr., Governor Generall in Chief over the Province of pencilvania, and the Territoris thereunto Belonging, Benbrenors [Van Bebber's] township and the Adjacences Beloinging May ye 10th 1728.
We think It fit to address your Excellency for Relief, for your Excellency must knowe That we have Suffered and is like to sufer By the Ingians, they have fell upon ye Back Inhabitors about falkners Swamp [New Hanover], & near Coshapopin [Goshenhoppen]. Therefore, we the humbel Petitioners, With our poor Wives & Children Do humbly Beg of your Excellency To Take It into Consideration and Relieve us the Petitioners hereof, Whos Lives Lies At Stake With us and our poor Wives & Children that is more to us than Life. Therefore, We the humble Petitioners hereof, Do Desire An Answer from your Excellency by ye Bearer With Speed, so no more at present from your poor afflicted People Whose names are here Subscribed.
Migrated 1731 to the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia
|Migration Route: Colebrookdale PA to the
Valley of Virginia
a. Down Perkiomen Creek to the Schuylkill River
b. Down the Conestoga Road (est. 1723) to the Susquehanna River vic. Middletown PA
c. Down the Susquehanna River to Wright's Ferry vic. York Haven PA
d. Up Conewago Creek to vicinity of Plainview PA
e. 1 mile portage to Rock Creek
f. Down Rock Creek to vic. Mair's Mill MD
g. Down the Monocacy River to Monocacy Settlement vic. Creagerstown MD
h. West through South Mountain vic. Gapland MD
i. Down Israel Creek to the Potomac at Harper's Ferry (W) VA
j. Across the Potomac at Harper's Ferry, entering the Shenandoah River Valley
List of the Sixteen Families: Jost Hite Party, Fall 1731
1. William Hogue, Opequon
2. John White, Hogue Creek
3. Nathaniel Thomas, Head of Opequon
4. Benjamin Borden, Shepherdstown
5. David Vaunce, Opequon
6. Stephen Hansbella (Hotsinpeller),
7. Christian Nisewanger
8. Thomas Chester
9. Louis Stuffey
10. Christian Blank
11. Hendrey Hunt
12. John VanMeter
13. Jost Hite, Long Meadows
14. George Bowman, North Branch, Shenandoah River
15. Jacob Chrisman, Chrisman's Springs
16. Paul Froman, North Cedar Creek
1738 Frederick Co formed from Orange Dist. VA
10/17/1749 Encounter with Moravian Brothers, Frederick VA
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography" by Rev. William
J. Hinke and Charles E. Kemper,
October 1903. The subject was 'Moravian Diaries of Travel Through
Virginia. . .' The first trip records the
experiences of Brother Leonard Schnell and John Brandmueller who left
Bethlehem on October 12, 1749. <http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~george/johnsgermnotes/germhs13.html>
Died 2/1738 Frederick Co VA