Grand Duchy of
Information on the Hinrich and descendants of son Claus was provided by Cousin Bill Lafrenz of Davenport IA.
Hinrich Arp was born in about 1730 in Probstei, Duchy of Holstein, a vassal state of the Holy Roman Empire [HRE]. And in about 1750, Hinrich married Silk Goetsch b. c. 1755. Hinrich's date of death is not known.
By the 15th Century, the Duchy of Schleswig was bound by marriages and alliances to the Duchy of Holstein, a vassal state of the Holy Roman Empire. And in 1460, the two Duchies were formally united by the Treaty of Ribe wherein the two duchies were declared Up Ewig Ungedeelt, or "Forever Undivided." However, the King of Denmark was always the Duke of Schleswig but not always the Duke of Holstein. And when he was the Duke of Holstein, he was a vassal of the Holy Roman Empire [HRE]. Thus in more modern times, the military boundary shifted south across Holstein to the Elbe River and then back north over and over again depending on which principality ruled Holstein.
As an ethnic German in a state, ruled by a Danish King, Hinrich and his descendants would have watched the Danish Army march south to the boarder of the HRE and then retreat back north with the change of Dukes. And as armies pass through your homeland, they conscript resources, including young men for service in the army. Divisions between the German peoples of Holstein and the Danish Crown would eventually erupt into two wars. [The 48ers and Social Revolution]
Hinrich is important to this research as he is the progenitor of the Arp family of Davenport IA. His descendants married into the Lafrenzes and married into the Kreuzfelds who married into the Wieses. The Wieses, the Arps, and the Lafrenzes all immigrated to America and settled in Scott Co IA.
1. Claus Arp
Research Note: This is the Arp/ Lafrenz line.
1a. Peter Arp
Research Note: Wiebke Kruezfeld's mother was Becke Wiese b. 11/16/ 1771. Becke Wiese was the daughter of Heinrich Wiese and Wiebke Rath and sister of Joachim Wiese.
9/3/1792Fiefbergen, Duchy of Holstein
12/5/1819in Schoenberg, Duchy of Holsteinto Wiebke Kruezfeld b. 8/7/1800 Fiefbergen, Duchy of Holstein
- Immigrated 1855 to Iowa
- Died 10/7/1888 Scott Co IA
- Buried Pine Hill Cemetery
2. Peter Arp b. 1766 Fiefbergen, Duchy of
Research Note: This is the Arp/ Wiese line.