The Red-Headed Tribe

"Selection of carvings from
the Castro de Santa Trega" 
<https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/> 16 March 2019.

1. We are the Red-Headed Tribe

I did not intend to write a historical narrative; I simply had a series of questions. And, I wanted to share the answers I found with others. This project began as a family genealogy. I knew that my families would take me back before the American Revolution. My intentional research limit was the water's edge. But, I still wanted to know where they came from and when.

While pursuing the who, what, when, etc. of genealogy, I came to find that the questions I was researching were common for most all of my families. Same places, same times, same circumstances. So, I started writing historical vignettes. Further research lead to more vignettes, which became interwoven, leading to a continual timeline from the Central Asian Steppe to Western Europe to pre-Colonial America and then to Southern Mississippi.

First question: Who are we?
Literally, my immediate family and our grandparents and great-grandparents. What was their ethnicity, and what did they look like? Research shows that we are Scot-Irish/ Welsh and ethnic German. Looking at paintings and photos of my ancestors, you can't miss the red hair and blue eyes, even on the German side.

Second question: Genotype vs Phenotype.
Who am I genetically? I did the first yDNA test. I am Haplogroup R. I did additional yDNA tests. My terminal SNP is R-DF27.
My father had high cheekbones, deep set blue eyes, a cleft chin, and shockingly red hair. Except for the shockingly red hair, I look just like my Dad as does my little brother and even my little sister.

Third question:
How did person A get to place X? As I intended to limit my research to when it reached the water's edge, I created an American Migration Project to describe those paths.

Fourth question:
When did person B cross the ocean, and where did the family come from? Tracing back to the water's edge, I was not so interested in the individual persons, but more the circumstances. This lead to vignettes on European places, wars and histories.

Rejoining my search at the other water's edge, I decided not to look at individuals and their lineages: I don't care if I descend from Genghis Khan or not. Instead, I looked at the extended families. But, the questions remained the same.

Fifth question:
How did extended family C get to place Y? Normally, you can only go back a hundred or more years tracing a family in the "Old Country." Now, I looked at ethnicity. Where did the family live, and what was their culture?

Continuing questions:
My family history states, "We was from Wales." OK, who lived in Wales and when? Of course, we are the Celts. So, who are their ancestors and then their ancestors. Again, I set a limit on the research. yDNA testing proves I am a descendant of Haplogroup R. This is where my research stops; as information further back in time is available from the sciences.

I have come to understand that as a descendant of the Celts, my phenotype does match my genotype. My family and I are genetically pre-disposed to look like the Celtic tribes of Galicia, Spain, and Ulster, Ireland. And, I call our tribe the Red-Headed Tribe.

So after collecting my disparate vignettes and writing several connecting articles, I find that this series of projects has become a historical narrative where I trace my lineage from the Central Asian Steppe to Southern Mississippi using downstream markers of Haplogroup R, the evolution of the proto-Indo-European Language, and History from Antiquity to the present. [NEXT]

CE Lewis
Davenport IA
original publication 8/2015
revised addition 5/2019

2. Vignettes:

    a. Rise of the Celts

    b. Hispania and Gallaecia

    c. The Milesians

    d. Celtic Britain

    e. Roman Britain and the Aftermath

    f. The Old North

    g. Lewis Family Origins

3. Sources:

    a. The Lineage of the Lewis Family

    b. Evolution of SNP R-DF27

    b. Evolution of the Indo-European Language

    c. Kingdoms of Ireland

    d. Kingdoms of Wales

    e. Kingdoms of Britain

    f. Excerpts from the Antiquarian Journals of Wales

4. Research Note:

The photo of the carving, a remnant from our Celtic forefathers, is of a triskelion from the archeological digs in the vicinity of Castro de Santa Trega, A Guarda, Galicia, Spain. The extant ruins are from a 1st Century BCE oppidum. But, that site was built atop a previous settlement which is 2,000 years older.

Caveat

This site is provided for reference only. Except where specifically cited, information contained is conjecture and should not be considered as fact.
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