|Note: Information on the Lewis Family before Walden Lewis b. c. 1774 in Virginia comes from assumptions based on multiple sources. Therefore, the information on this page is not reliable for genealogical purposes. A detailed discussion of the many connections can be found at Lewis Family Research.|
James Lewis: a cousin proven by DNA
Walden Lewis b. c. 1774 Spotsylvania Co VA is my ancestor. DNA confirms an exact match to John Lewis of Franklin Co KY. And, DNA tests confirm a close relationship (35/37) with James Lewis of Louisa Co VA and an even closer relationship (36/37) with John Lewis of Caroline Co VA. These test results can be found at the Lewis Surname DNA Project. Additionally, a detailed discussion of the significance of these test results and a comparison of the results for the five Lewis families of northern Virginia can be found at DNA Results. And, there is an additional test (36/37) for the descendants of Edmund Lewis of Person Co NC which proves a very distant connection.
This analysis focuses on the 35/37 match to Walden Lewis.
|Gen #1 James Lewis: Anne
M. Hansen - Kit# 252469
From letters of Administration on the Estate of James Lewis in the Probate Court of Lncln Co, Mssr; Adjusted for Garda G. Adams.
Autobiography of Geo. W. Bean compiled by Flora Diana Bean Horne (p. 29) in poss of Gardna G. Adams.
"History and Character Sketch of James Bean, Pioneer to Utah 1848" by Flora Bean Horne.
James Lewis was born in about 1768, probably in Virginia. The family may have migrated to North Carolina and then Edgefield Co SC. Reportedly, there are probate and land records for James in what is most likely Burke Co GA.
Sometime in the 1790s, James migrated to Kentucky where he would have met the McCoys and Zumwalts. James is believed to have migrated in their company in 1797 as a member of the Boone Expedition to St. Charles District, Spanish Missouri. And, James and the McCoys and the Zumwalts initially settled along what would become McCoy Creek (vic. Flint Hill MO).
James is first found in records in 1799 where he operated a mill on the Cuivre River near Troy MO. However, Indian depredations continually forced settlers off their land and into "home forts" for protection.
Stouts Fort (Home Fort) [Auburn, Lincoln Co MO]:
Stouts Fort was a small stockade located on the top of a small hill. It as located about one mile south of the town of Auburn, Missouri which has long since disappeared.
Zumwalts Fort (Home Fort) [O'Fallon, St. Charles Co MO]:
Jacob Zumwalt built the main saddlebag log house in 1798. A spring was located at the bottom of the hill, below the house. There were as many as ten families that lived at the fort during the War of 1812. Before the war, Black Hawk was a frequent visitor of the Zumwalt family. It is said that Black Hawk was in love with one of Jacob Zumwalt's daughters.
Missouri and Illinois Territorial Forts During the War of 1812. <http://usregular0.tripod.com/warof1812/id3.html> 24 November 2012.
In about 1798 in St. Charles Dist., Spanish Missouri, James married Sarah McCoy b. c. 1776 in Virginia. James may have alternated living at his home on the Cuivre River and living with the McCoys for years; as James is also cited as milling on McCoy Creek.
In 1803 the United States purchased the entire Louisiana Territory from France who had just recently reacquired the territory from Spain. It wasn't until 1804 that the US began administering the lands which would become Missouri. And in 1804, James registered his Spanish land grant with the new American territorial government.
By 1812 America was involved in a war with Great Britain. And, that hostility only served to increase the tensions between Missouri settlers and the Indians. During the war, James is cited providing material aid to the Missouri Rangers who pursued the American cause in Missouri.
After the war when the Indian threat was greatly reduced, James and family finally were able to settle in what is now Union Twp, Lincoln Co MO near Auburn MO.
As soon as the Indians ceased their hostilities, at the close of the War of 1812-15, the settlers retired from their forts to their respective homes. Some of them who had only settled temporarily, now selected their permanent homes and moved thereon. Those who became permanent settlers in the vicinity of Auburn in 1815 or 1816, were James S. Lewis, David Meracle, Daniel Draper, Joseph Howdeshell, Samuel and James Gibson, James Clark, Joseph McCoy, Lawrence B. Sitton, Robert McNair, Thacker Vivion, and Ezekiel Downing.
History of Lincoln County, p. 234. <http://digital.library.umsystem.edu> 26 October 2012.
James Lewis died 6/1825, and Sarah was his administratrix. Sarah and children are cited in the 1830 and 1840 censuses. Sarah lived until 1844. Some believe Sarah died on the family farm in Lincoln Co MO. But as many of the family migrated across the Mississippi to Pike Co IL, she probably died at the home of one of her daughters in Illinois.
Excerpts from Pike County IL History by Jess M. Thompson
Harding and Rogers Lewis, either brothers or the sons of brothers, both appear to have been with the Boones at the Blue Licks; prior to this, James Lewis had married a sister of Daniel Boone [Maybe]. Later we shall find a son of Daniel Boone marrying a daughter of the house of Lewis.
Pike County IL History, p. 38.
There was also a James Lewis who located in St. Charles county at the same or about the same time as did Samuel Hardin Lewis. He at one time operated a mill on McCoy Creek and later [c. 1799] did some milling on the Cuivre river, where he occupied a Spanish grant. He is believed by descendants of early settlers on the Cuivre to have been a nephew [contemporary] of Samuel Hardin Lewis. He may have been a son of James Lewis (a brother of Samuel Hardin), who is known to have had a son, James, Jr., being the fifth in a family of ten sons and two daughters.
This James Lewis who was on the Cuivre is said by descendants of the first settlers to have married a Boone girl, but none of them know to what Boone family she belonged. It is known that Dinah Boone, who married Zachariah Allen and settled with her husband and family in what is now Detroit township (Pike county) in 1822, had a sister, Sarah (Sally) Boone, who married a James Lewis and lived in Missouri. These Boone girls were daughters of Jonathan Boone and Polly Callaway, Jonathan being a brother of Daniel. Records in the court house at Troy, county seat of Lincoln county, Missouri, show that the wife of James Lewis who owned "340 acres of land situated on Cuivre Spanish Grant" was named Sarah.
James Lewis of the above record died in Lincoln county in 1825 and letters of administration on his estate were granted by the county court of Lincoln county to Sally Lewis, administratrix, on June 27, 1825. According to the estate records, Sally Lewis was the widow of James Lewis, and they had the following children, then living: Elizabeth Bean, Nancy Lewis, John Lewis, Fielding Lewis, James Lewis, Samuel (or Lemuel) Lewis, Zachariah and Sufenia Lewis.
Pike County IL History, p. 159.
James M. Wilson, son of the elder James, on April 19, 1832, in
Lincoln county, Missouri, married Nancy Lewis, daughter of James Lewis,
the early miller who died in Lincoln county in 1825. James Lewis was a
kinsman of Samuel Hardin Lewis [Maybe]. Both settled in Missouri Territory in a
very early day. The James Lewis children were Elizabeth Bean, Nancy,
John, Fielding, James, Lemuel, Zachariah and Isaphenia (or Suphenia).
The latter name appears in an old court record of the James Lewis estate
as "Icefenia." Their mother, a niece of Daniel Boone, was a
sister of Dinah Boone (Mrs. Zachariah "Boone" Allen), who is
buried in French cemetery, near Milton. [Maybe]
Pike County IL History, p. 176.
Receipts filed among estate records in the archives of Lincoln county, Missouri, indicate that John N. Collard, when a boy in Missouri, was tutored, for several months at least, along with descendants of the noted Warner Hall Lewises and Virginia Meriwethers, whose intriguing history has been related in foregoing chapters. It appears in fact that John N. received some tutoring in the Missouri home of Nicholas F. Lewis, [Nicholas Hunter Lewis] descendant of the Warner Hall line and a first cousin of Samuel Lewis of early Pleasant Hill. . . [Maybe]
Joseph Collard II and Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis] resided in the same neighborhood in Lincoln county, Missouri, and children of one family and grandchildren of the other were schooled together. Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis], a pioneer of Lincoln county, was a son of John Lewis, third child of the second (in America) Zachary Lewis and his wife, Mary Waller. The mother of Nicholas was Ann Lewis, daughter of Colonel Robert of Belvoir (of the Warner Hall Lewises) and his wife, Jane Meriwether, and sister Millie Lewis, mother of the Pleasant Hill pioneer. [No]
Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis] married Ann Meriwether, and their children, as named
in Nicholas Lewis's will on file in the court house at Troy, Missouri,
included Thomas Walker, Susan, Laurie, Ann Eliza, James H. and Lydia S.
Lewis. Ann Meriwether, the mother, was a sister of Elizabeth Meriwether
who married Thomas Walker Lewis, first child of that Nicholas Lewis who
was the second son of Colonel Robert and Jane (Meriwether) Lewis, and
whose wife was Mary Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker and his wife,
Pike County IL History, p. 193. <http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~glendasubyak/thompson.html> 5 October 2012.
|Note: The Buckalew family is important to this research;
as son-in-law, James Bean, is a descendant of this family.
GARRETT BUCKALEW (5) was first mentioned in the 1762 & 64 tax rolls of Cameron Parish, Loudon County, Virginia, as being in the same household as Richard Buckalew. While no direct evidence exists that he was son of Richard, we believe the circumstantial evidence is sufficient in substantiating this claim. He, along with Richard, move from Laden County, Virginia, to Mecklenburg County, North Carolina thence to Edgefield County, South Carolina. Another fact that bears this out is that the name Garrett is perpetuated in John Buckalew's family descendant's in Alabama. We have proof that John is a son of Richard.
|1796. James Lewis petitioned for 300 acres of land
in the township 51 of range 2W in the SE quarter of 17.
1796. James Lewis witnessed the settlement of Richard Taylor's Missouri Lands claims.
MCCOY. -- Daniel McCoy, for whom McCoy's creek is named,
came to Missouri, or Upper Louisiana, in 1797, in company with his
brothers, John and Joseph, and his father-in-law, Henry Zumwalt. In
1804 Mr. McCoy was commissioned Lieutenant of a company of militia in
St. Charles district, and served until the close of the Indian war in
1815, when he was discharged. His discharge papers were signed by Capt.
Bailey, who was First Lieutenant in Capt. Callaway's company before the
death of the latter.
A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri, p. 174.
PORTAGE DES SIOUX, p. 87.
The most important settlement in the St. Charles district was Portage des Sioux, located on the Mississippi on the tongue of land between this river and the Missouri, and where the Missouri approaches nearest to the Mississippi, north of the mouth of that river. According to Beck, Portage des Sioux derived its name from the fact that the Missouris, who at one time had their huts near here, being at war with the Sioux, and having heard that the Sioux were coming down the Mississippi on a foraging expedition, with the hope to surprise them, ambushed themselves at the mouth of the river in considerable numbers, but the Sioux, being more cunning, instead of going to the mouth of the river, landed at a point since known as Portage des Sioux, above the mouth of the river and carried their canoes across to the Missouri, and thus evaded their enemies, and escaped with their spoils.
The village of Portage des Sioux was established at the insistence of the Spanish authorities in 1799, and to countervail, in the words of Trudeau, "a military post which the Americans intended to form at a place called Paysa, a point near the present site of Alton, not far from the mouth of the Missouri, on the opposite or east side of the Mississippi. Although no such military establishment was formed there by the Americans, no doubt it was rumored that such an establishment would be made. It was a point always thought to be a favorable location for a military post to control the trade on the Missouri river. When the English first took possession of the Illinois country on the east side of the Mississippi river a military post near the mouth of the Missouri was recommended as highly important. Frazier, in 1768, urged the establishment of a fort opposite the mouth of "the Missouries' river, "which would give us command of that river."" So, also, when the Spaniards took possession of the Illinois country west of the Mississippi, the first military movement was to establish a fort north of the mouth of the Missouri. In 1799 the Spanish authorities appear again to have been deeply impressed with the importance of a post at or near the mouth of the Missouri, and accordingly Francois Saucier, at that time a resident of St. Charles, was requested to form a settlement at what was then known as "La Portage des Sioux," and to draw to that point Creole inhabitants from the east side of the river. . .
Among the early inhabitants of Portage des Sioux we find Pedro Vial, who was sent by the governor of New Mexico to explore a route from Santa Fe to St. Louis in 1798. . .
About twenty miles from St. Charles, the Femme Osage empties its waters into the Missouri. This creek is about thirty yards wide, and during the Spanish dominion an American settlement was formed here. The earliest settler was Daniel Morgan Boone, in 1797, a son of Daniel Boone, and a slave owner, then indicating a man of wealth. His father subsequently, in 1799, came to the country on the invitation of Trudeau, who promised him a grant of one thousand arpens of land. In 1800 he was appointed by DeLassus commandant of the Femme Osage district. When he first arrived in the country he lived with his son, Daniel Morgan Boone, for several years, afterward with another son, Nathan, and finally moved further up the Missouri to La Charette, where he died. He did not cultivate his grant of land on the Femme Osage, because advised by DeLassus that, as commandant, under the Spanish law, he did not come within the meaning of the rules and regulations requiring cultivation of land before title could be perfected. By the commissioners, however, for the settlement of Spanish land titles, his claim to the land was rejected, but afterward in 1814, confirmed by a special act of Congress. . .
The Cuivre settlement was located on Cuivre river, or Riviere aux Boeuf (Buffalo river), which drains the western part of Lincoln county. This river is formed by the junction of the north and west forks. The junction of these streams is in about the center of Lincoln county, and thence the river flows around the southern end of the main ridge oŁ hills extending south parallel with the Missouri, and being joined by Big Creek and Eagle's Fork, runs in an easterly direction debouching into the Mississippi about 30 miles above the mouth of the Missouri. This stream was in the early days called Cuivre or Copper river, because it was supposed by the early French pioneers that copper was, or would be, found in the country tributary to it. In the wide and fertile bottoms of this stream, well wooded and shut in by bold escarpments of rock, many American settlers secured grants from the Spanish officers. Where the two forks of the Cuivre meet, Richard Taylor secured a Spanish grant. James Mackay made a claim for 13,835 arpents on the Cuivre river, as a reward for services rendered the Spanish government, in making an exploration in 1795 of the upper Missouri, under the orders of Baron de Carondelet, Governor-General, and Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, Intendant General at New Orleans. James Lewis in 1799 owned a flour mill on this stream, but in the spring of 1803 was compelled to abandon it on account of the Indians, returning in the fall. The settlers on Cuivre were much exposed to Indian attacks, and often obliged to leave their lands on account of Indian depredations.
Perhaps the first white men to camp in what is now Lincoln County, were members of La Sueur's expedition. They camped on the Cuivre River, which after killing a buffalo bull and cow, they called the "Riviere aux Boeufs."
About the year 1800, there was a small settlement in the "Forks of the Cuivre" where the North fork joins the West fork, in about the center of Lincoln County. The first settlers there were James MACKAY, Richard TAYLOR, and James LEWIS who had a flour mill there in 1799.
|Survey by Antoine Soulard. 1000 Arpents on Cuivre River to James Lewis.|
|Survey by Antoine Soulard. 900 Arpents on Cuivre River to James Lewis.|
|Stouts Fort (Home Fort)
Stouts Fort was a small stockade located on top of a small hill. It was located about one mile south of the town of Auburn, Missouri which has long since disappeared. http://usregular0.tripod.com/warof1812/id3.html
|Head of Household||M +45||M 18-44||M -18||F +14||F -14|
|Probate Record of James Lewis - File 12 dtd 27 June 1825 Troy, Lincoln, Missouri.|
|Males||Born After||#||Lewis||Females||Born After||#||Lewis|
|to 100||1730||to 100||1730|
|to 90||1740||to 90||1740|
|to 80||1750||to 80||1750|
|to 70||1760||to 70||1760|
|to 60||1770||to 60||1770|
|to 50||1780||to 50||1780||1||Sarah|
|to 40||1790||to 40||1790||0|
|to 30||1800||to 30||1800||1||Nancy|
|to 15||1815||1||Lemuel||to 15||1815||0|
|to 10||1820||1||James||to 10||1820||1||Cynthia
|to 5||1825||0||to 5||1825||1||Isophena|
|to 100||1740||to 100||1740|
|to 90||1750||to 90||1750|
|to 80||1760||to 80||1760|
|to 70||1770||to 70||1770|
|to 60||1780||to 60||1780||1||Sarah|
|to 50||1790||to 50||1790|
|to 40||1800||to 40||1800|
|to 30||1810||to 30||1810|
|to 20||1820||1||Zachariah?||to 20||1820||1||Sarah|
|to 15||1825||to 15||1825|
|to 10||1830||to 10||1830|
|to 5||1835||to 5||1835|
1. Elizabeth Lewis
2. Nancy Lewis
3. John Henry Lewis
1850 Federal Census: Scotland County, Missouri HN FN LAST FIRST AGE Sex Occup. BIRTH ====================================================== 84 84 Lewis John 42 M Farmer Maryland Sophia 36 F Kentucky
4. Fielding Lewis
1850 Federal Census: Scotland County, Missouri HN FN LAST FIRST AGE Sex Occup. BIRTH ====================================================== 61 61 Lewis Lemuel 38 M Farmer Missouri Lovinia 38 F Georgia
6. James Lewis (see below) b. 1814 St. Charles Co MO
7. Zachariah Lewis
8. Cynthia Lewis
9. Sarah Lewis
10. Isophena Lewis
Gen #2 James Lewis
1850 Federal Census: Scotland County, Missouri HN FN LAST FIRST AGE Sex Occup. BIRTH ====================================================== 182 182 Lewis James 36 M Farmer Missouri Elizabeth 29 F Missouri
Gen #3 John Samuel Lewis (Ancestor of the Missouri Lewises)
Gen #4 Willard Lewis
Gen #5 Clifford Leo Lewis
Gen 6 Donor Lewis
|This site is provided for reference only. Except where specifically cited, information contained is conjecture and should not be considered as fact.|