Descendants of Lewis ap David of Cardiganshire, Wales

Generation #6

Note: Information on the Lewis Family before Walden Lewis b. c. 1774 in Virginia comes from assumptions based on multiple sources. Therefore, the information on this page is not reliable for genealogical purposes. A detailed discussion of the many connections can be found at Lewis Family Research.

James (4James, 3James, 2James, 1Edmund) Lewis

There is a yDNA connection between this person and my ancestor, Walden Lewis b. c. 1774 Spotsylvania Co VA. yDNA confirms an exact match (67/67) to some tests. And, there are close (66/67) matches and almost close (65/67) matches. All of theses matches deserve research to determine how the different families are related.

These test results can be found at the Lewis Surname DNA Project. Additionally, a detailed discussion of the significance of these test results and a comparison of the results for the five Lewis families of northern Virginia can be found at DNA Results.

This analysis focuses on the 35/37 match to the James Lewis family of Lincoln Co KY. [Research]

From letters of Administration on the Estate of James Lewis in the Probate Court of Lincoln Co, MO; Adjusted for Garda G. Adams. 
Autobiography of Geo. W. Bean compiled by Flora Diana Bean Horne (p. 29) in possion of Gardna G. Adams.
"History and Character Sketch of James Bean, Pioneer to Utah 1848" by Flora Bean Horne.

James Lewis was born in about 1768 in Spotsylvania Co VA.  The first record for James is in 1790. After the death of his father, James was appointed the guardian of his minor siblings. 

In 6/1792 James purchased 200a from the heirs of Thomas Burbridge. From the record, we learn that James' new land was adjacent to the Lewis family property. Perhaps James' new land was the Burgess homestead complete with house and gardens where James set up his household on his own away from his siblings. This James disappeared from history after 3/1793 Spotsylvania Co VA

In the period of 3/1793 to 1/1797, James' brother, William Lewis, and sister, Tomesone Claxton, migrated to Woodford Co KY. Did James migrate in the company of his family to Woodford Co KY? In Kentucky, James could have met the McCoys and Zumwalts. [Research]

James Lewis is first cited in 1796 in St. Charles Dist of Spanish Missouri when he petitioned for land. What caused a 28 year-old man to leave his family and migrate to a foreign country? And, James' arrival in 1796 was one year before the members of the Boone Expedition arrived. 

The Boones, the Zumwalts, and the McCoys arrived in St. Charles District in 1797. The Boones settled on Femme Osage Creek. And, the McCoys and the Zumwalts and probably James Lewis initially settled on McCoy Creek (vic. Flint Hill MO).

Research Note. McCoy Creek runs into the Cuirve River at what is now the boundary between Lincoln and St. Charles counties.

In about 1798 in St. Charles Dist., Spanish Missouri, James married Sarah McCoy b. c. 1776 in Virginia. James may have alternated living at his home on the Cuivre River and living with the McCoys for years; as James is also cited as milling on McCoy Creek

James is next found in records in 1799 where he operated a  mill on the Cuivre River near Troy MO. However, Indian depredations continually forced settlers off their land and into "home forts" for protection.

Stouts Fort (Home Fort) [Auburn, Lincoln Co MO]:
Stouts Fort was a small stockade located on the top of a small hill. It was located about one mile south of the town of Auburn, Missouri which has long since disappeared.

Zumwalts Fort (Home Fort) [O'Fallon, St. Charles Co MO]:
Jacob Zumwalt built the main saddlebag log house in 1798. A spring was located at the bottom of the hill, below the house. There were as many as ten families that lived at the fort during the War of 1812. Before the war, Black Hawk was a frequent visitor of the Zumwalt family. It is said that Black Hawk was in love with one of Jacob Zumwalt's daughters.

Missouri and Illinois Territorial Forts During the War of 1812. <> 24 November 2012.

In 1803 the United States purchased the entire Louisiana Territory from France who had just recently reacquired the territory from Spain. It wasn't until 1804 that the US began administering the lands which would become Missouri. And in 1804, James registered his Spanish land grant with the new American territorial government.

By 1812 America was involved in a war with Great Britain. And, that hostility only served to increase the tensions between Missouri settlers and the Indians. James fought at times with the Missouri Rangers as Lieutenant of the 5th Calvary, 3rd Regiment, and saw action at Rock River in Captain James Callaway's Company. The next year he served from June 30-Dec 31 under Captain Williamson in the United States Mounted Rangers as a Private. This service continued over into 1814 from Jan-March 31 and again from May until Dec 31 of that year. James served again from Jan-June 20 in 1815. Additionally during the war, James is cited providing material aid to his fellow Missouri Rangers as they pursued the American cause in Missouri. 

After the war when the Indian threat was greatly reduced, James and family finally were able to settle in what is now Union Twp, Lincoln Co MO near Auburn MO.

As soon as the Indians ceased their hostilities, at the close of the War of 1812-15, the settlers retired from their forts to their respective homes. Some of them who had only settled temporarily, now selected their permanent homes and moved thereon. Those who became permanent settlers in the vicinity of Auburn in 1815 or 1816, were James S. Lewis, David Meracle, Daniel Draper, Joseph Howdeshell, Samuel and James Gibson, James Clark, Joseph McCoy, Lawrence B. Sitton, Robert McNair, Thacker Vivion, and Ezekiel Downing.

    History of Lincoln County, p. 234. <> 26 October 2012.

On January 25, 1820, James Lewis filed suit against Samuel Harding Lewis, his neighbor, because Samuel Harding Lewis had constructed a fence which cut off the free passage of James and his animals to the spring which was used to water his stock. Samuel also removed and kept James' spring house where his milk was kept. The jury convened in April and found James' grievances justified and demanded Samuel return the property and restore access to the water and pay the court costs. Joseph McCoy was a witness for James. From the circumstances of this suit which was resolved 5/ 29/1820, we get the impression that James is not related to Samuel Harding Lewis, his neighbor.

James Lewis died 6/1825, and Sarah was his administratrix. Sarah and children are cited in the 1830 and 1840 censuses. Sarah lived until 1844. Some believe Sarah died on the family farm in Lincoln Co MO. But, records show that she sold off portions of the farm over a period of years, finalizing the sale in 1840. And as many of the family migrated across the Mississippi to Adams Co IL, she probably died at the home of one of her daughters in Illinois.

Excerpts from Pike County IL History by Jess M. Thompson

Harding and Rogers Lewis, either brothers or the sons of brothers, both appear to have been with the Boones at the Blue Licks; prior to this, James Lewis had married a sister of Daniel Boone [No]. Later we shall find a son of Daniel Boone marrying a daughter of the house of Lewis [Wrong family].

Pike County IL History, p. 38.

Note: In 1800 Daniel Morgan Boone married Sarah Griffin Lewis in St. Charles Dist. (now Missouri) in a Catholic ceremony per local law. Sarah's father was John Lewis of Bonhomme Creek just across the Missouri in St. Louis Dist. MO.

106. DANIEL MORGAN BOONE {Daniel, Squire, George)
-Born 23 Dec, 1769; died in Jackson Co., Mo., 13 July, 1839, aged 71 years, 1 mo., 19 days.
-Married in St. Charles Co., Mo., 2 Mar., 1800, Sarah Griffin Lewis (b. 29 Jan., 1786, in Va., died 19 June, 1850), daughter of John and Elizabeth (Harvie) Lewis.

    Spraker, Hazel Atterbury, "The Boone Family," The Turtle Company, 1922 <> 4 May 2015.

There was also a James Lewis who located in St. Charles county at the same or about the same time as did Samuel Hardin Lewis. He at one time operated a mill on McCoy Creek and later [1799] did some milling on the Cuivre river, where he occupied a Spanish grant. He is believed by descendants of early settlers on the Cuivre to have been a nephew [contemporary] of Samuel Hardin Lewis. He may have been a son of James Lewis (a brother of Samuel Hardin) [No], who is known to have had a son, James, Jr., being the fifth in a family of ten sons and two daughters.

Note: Samuel Harding Lewis descends from John and Hannah Harding Lewis of Northumberland Co VA. Other records list only John, Sarah, Samuel Harding, and Mottrom born to this couple. This record lists a son James who does not exist.

This James Lewis who was on the Cuivre is said by descendants of the first settlers to have married a Boone girl, but none of them know to what Boone family she belonged. It is known that Dinah Boone, who married Zachariah Allen and settled with her husband and family in what is now Detroit township (Pike county) in 1822, had a sister, Sarah (Sally) Boone, who married a James Lewis and lived in Missouri. These Boone girls were daughters of Jonathan Boone and Polly Callaway, Jonathan being a brother of Daniel. Records in the court house at Troy, county seat of Lincoln county, Missouri, show that the wife of James Lewis who owned "340 acres of land situated on Cuivre Spanish Grant" was named Sarah.

23. JONATHAN BOONE (Squire, George)
-Born 6 Dec, 1730; died about 1808. Married (See Foot-note.) 

Except for his birth as recorded among the children of Squire Boone, practically all that is known about Jonathan is found in the following excerpt from Draper Manuscript, which is a statement of Enoch M. Boone (Squire, Squire, George), a nephew of Daniel Boone, made in Aug. 1858. "Jonathan Boone, came early to Kentucky, remembers him at Squire Boone's Station as early as 1783. and tended Squire Boone's mill. After a few years settled on Green River and after living there several years then settled at the Big Falls of the Wabash (near Mt. Carmel, Wabash Co.) on the Illinois side, not more than fifteen miles, if that, above the mouth of the Wabash, where he built a mill. There he died about 1808 don't know where his wife died, nor how old he was. Left several daughters, got mostly married on Green River; and left three sons, John, Joseph, and Daniel, who settled in the lower country." Reference: Draper Mss. 19 C 120-154.

-In a letter written to Mrs. J. F. Cahill of San Antonio, Texas, by John B. Manly, Clerk of the Superior Court of South Carolina, 15 Dec. 1916, he says that there are two instruments from James Carter to Jonathan Boone conveying specific property; and another one to Mary Boone, wife of Jonathan Boone, from James Carter her father, conveying to her all personal property in Bristol Hall, which was then in the Parish of St. Luke, Rowan Co., N. C.
-From an old North Carolina book comes also this statement, which locates one James Carter in the vicinity of the Boones, "James Carter and Hugh Foster owned the land upon which Salisbury, N. C. was built about 1754." This is the only thing to indicate that the Jonathan Boone whose wife was Mary Carter, belonged to this family. There were other Jonathan Boones in North Carolina at that period. There is also a tradition that Jonathan Boone married an Elizabeth Dagley, but no documentary proof of it has been found. It might have been a second marriage.

    Spraker, Hazel Atterbury, "The Boone Family," The Turtle Company, 1922 <> 4 May 2015.

Note: The Lewis-Boone connection cannot be proven or disproven. According to the Boone histories, Jonathan had 3 known sons--John, Joseph, Daniel--and several daughters who have not been named.

More recent research indicates that Jonathan Boone was married 3 times:
1. 1748 in Rowan Co NC to Mary Carter.
2. c. 1755 in Rowan Co NC to Polly Callaway.
3. 7/23/1798 in Kentucky to Elizabeth Dagley.

If Dinah Boone who married Zachariah Allen and the purported Sarah Boone who married a James Lewis were the daughters of Jonathan Boone, Polly Callaway would have been their mother.

James Lewis of the above record died in Lincoln county in 1825 and letters of administration on his estate were granted by the county court of Lincoln county to Sally Lewis, administratrix, on June 27, 1825. According to the estate records, Sally Lewis was the widow of James Lewis, and they had the following children, then living: Elizabeth Bean, Nancy Lewis, John Lewis, Fielding Lewis, James Lewis, Samuel (or Lemuel) Lewis, Zachariah and Sufenia Lewis.

    Pike County IL History, p. 159.

James M. Wilson, son of the elder James, on April 19, 1832, in Lincoln county, Missouri, married Nancy Lewis, daughter of James Lewis, the early miller who died in Lincoln county in 1825. James Lewis was a kinsman of Samuel Hardin Lewis [No]. Both settled in Missouri Territory in a very early day. The James Lewis children were Elizabeth Bean, Nancy, John, Fielding, James, Lemuel, Zachariah and Isaphenia (or Suphenia). The latter name appears in an old court record of the James Lewis estate as "Icefenia." Their mother, a niece of Daniel Boone, was a sister of Dinah Boone (Mrs. Zachariah "Boone" Allen) [No], who is buried in French cemetery, near Milton. [Maybe]

Interesting records found among papers pertaining to the James Lewis estate suggest that he financed numerous of the hard-pressed Rangers in the Indian war of 1812-1815. A number of promissory notes payable to James Lewis, signed by various Rangers, mostly by mark, were in each instance promises to pay the stipulated amounts upon "first payment of Capt. Jim Callaway's company of Rangers in this Territory, as witness my hand," etc. These notes are dated in the year 1814. (See story of Colonel John Shaw in early chapters of this history.)

The Galloway family appears to have been closely associated with the family of James Lewis, as it was with that of Samuel Hardin Lewis. Names of various Galloways appear in the papers pertaining to the James Lewis estate, as do also the names of various Sittons. William Sitton was appraiser of a note on Alexander McNair, drawn in favor of James Lewis. McNair was one of the noted men of the Territory. Among bidders at the sale of James Lewis's personal property on July 27, 1825, were James, Samuel, Charles, Elijah and Peter Galloway, all of whom were sons of the elder James Galloway, from whom all of the Pike county Galloways are descended.

Note: Was Sarah a Galloway instead of a Boone? Probably not. Of note, Samuel Harding Lewis was the next-door neighbor of James Lewis. Evidently, the Galloways were also.

    Pike County IL History, p. 176.

Receipts filed among estate records in the archives of Lincoln county, Missouri, indicate that John N. Collard, when a boy in Missouri, was tutored, for several months at least, along with descendants of the noted Warner Hall Lewises and Virginia Meriwethers, whose intriguing history has been related in foregoing chapters. It appears in fact that John N. received some tutoring in the Missouri home of Nicholas F. Lewis, [Nicholas Hunter Lewis] descendant of the Warner Hall line and a first cousin of Samuel Lewis of early Pleasant Hill. . . [Maybe]

Note: The researcher names the wrong Lewis. The Nicholas who lived and died at Troy MO is actually Nicholas Hunter Lewis who does in fact descend from the Warner Hall family. But, Nicholas Hunter does not descend from the Irish John Lewis family. Unfortunately, the Nicholas F. Lewis of the Zachary Lewis family has not yet been found in history.

Nicholas [F.] Lewis, son of Ann Lewis and her husband John Lewis an attorney of Spotsylvania, went west and all trace of him has been lost.

Joseph Collard II and Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis] resided in the same neighborhood in Lincoln county, Missouri, and children of one family and grandchildren of the other were schooled together. Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis], a pioneer of Lincoln county, was a son of John Lewis, third child of the second (in America) Zachary Lewis and his wife, Mary Waller. [No] The mother of Nicholas was Ann Lewis, daughter of Colonel Robert of Belvoir (of the Warner Hall Lewises) and his wife, Jane Meriwether, and sister Millie Lewis, mother of the Pleasant Hill pioneer. [No]

Note: The Pleasant Hill Twp, Pike Co IL pioneers were James and Ursula Lewis Galloway. Ursula's father was Samuel Hardin Lewis who is not related to Nicholas Hunter Lewis and does not descend from the aforementioned Lewis families. 

Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis] married Ann Meriwether, and their children, as named in Nicholas Lewis's will on file in the court house at Troy, Missouri, included Thomas Walker, Susan, Laurie, Ann Eliza, James H. and Lydia S. Lewis. [Yes] Ann Meriwether, the mother, was a sister of Elizabeth Meriwether who married Thomas Walker Lewis [No], first child of that Nicholas Lewis who was the second son of Colonel Robert and Jane (Meriwether) Lewis, and whose wife was Mary Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker and his wife, Mildred Thornton.

Nicholas F. Lewis [Nicholas Hunter Lewis], shortly before his death in 1840 in Lincoln county, Missouri, made a will wherein he named James Clark of Lincoln county and Walker G. Meriwether of Pike county, Missouri, as members of a group to represent his estate. James Clark (whose kinsmen are later found intermarrying with the Pike county Collard descendants) and Walker G. Meriwether were the husbands of Jane Warner Lewis and Margaret Douglas Lewis, the two daughters of Thomas Walker and Elizabeth (Meriwether) Lewis.

    Pike County IL History, p. 193. <> 5 October 2012.

In 1871, grandson James Addison Bean went back east on his Mormon Mission. En route back to Utah, grandson James stopped off in Illinois and northern Missouri to visit with his aunts and uncles. And, those visits were recorded in his Mission Journal. Unfortunately today, the Journal no longer exists. From notes from the Journal, we learned additional information about Grandpa James and the histories of his children up until that date.
WILL BOOK E (1772-1798) page 993:
LEWIS, James, Spotsylvania Co., d. after June 12, 1790, Executors Bond dated Sept. 7, 1790.
Wit. G. BELL, Benjamin BALLARD.
Ex. wife Hannah LEWIS, John WRIGHT, Sr.
Leg. wife Hannah; daughter Betsey LEWIS; sons James, Willis, Charles and William LEWIS; daughters Becky, Clary and Ann LEWIS; daughter Mary Ann HALBERT; dau Judith NEWTON; daughter Tomesone CLAXTON.
Spotsylvania Co VA Will Book B, p. 80.
500 James Lewis, guard, to Rebecca Lewis and Charles Lewis, orphs. of James Lewis, with John Herndon, sec. Sept. 7, 1790
Spotsylvania Co VA Deed Book J (1774-1782), p. 450:
March 6, 1792. Pursuant to the last will and testament of Thomas Burbridge, Decd., etc., Thomas Burbridge, Benjamin Robinson and Mildred, his wife; Henry Elley. and Sarah, his wife; Tavener Branham and Elizabeth, his wife; Robt. Smith and Frances, his wife; Linsfield Burbridge and Nancy, his wife; Wm. Bullett and Mary, his wife, and George Burbridge and Mary, his wife, to James Lewis of Spots. Co. 230. 200 a. whereon sd. Thos. Burbridge lived, adj. lands of James Lewis, Alexander Spotswood and others, etc., purchased of Wm. Fitzhugh, Esq., as by Ind. dated April 10, 1770, in Spots. Co., etc., etc. Witnesses, Richd. Jones, Frans. Simpson, Mathew Bridges, Richd. Branham-March 6, 1792.

March 8, 1792. Pursuant to the last will and testament of Thomas Burbridge, Decd., etc., Thomas Burbridge and others to Harmon Hanor, jr., of Spots. Co. 68. 100 a, adj. lands of Harmon Hanor, Jr.; Jas. Lewis, Hezekiah Ellis, Alexander Spotswood, and is part of tract purchased of Wm. Fitzhugh, Esq., as by Ind. dated April 10, 1770, in Spots. Co., etc., etc. Witnesses, Thos. Strachan, Edwd. Herndon, Nicho. Payne, A. Frazer, Thos. Waller, Jos. Brock, Bevy. Stubblefield, Jas. Lewis, Danl. Branham, Jos. Jones, Jno. Mullikin, Richd. Jones, Francis Simpson, Mathew Bridges, Richd. Branham. March 8, 1792.

Spotsylvania Co VA Deed Book J (1774-1782), p. 459:
March 13, 1793. Thomas Burbridge, Benj. Robinson and Mildred, his wife; Henry Eally and Sarah, his wife; Robert Smith and Frances, his wife; Tavener Branham and Elizabeth, his wife; Linsfield Burbridge and Ann, his wife; Wm. Bullet and Mary, his wife; George Burbridge and Mary, his wife, to Ann Hull. 180. 213 a. in Spots. Co., etc., etc. Lar. Stanard, Jno. Herndon, Edwd. Herndon, Bevy. Stubblefield, Edwd. Herndon, jr.; Thomas Bartlett, Jas. Lewis, Hezk. Ellis, J. Chew. No date of Record.
1796. James Lewis petitioned for 300 acres of land in the township 51 of range 2W in the SE quarter of 17.
1796. James Lewis witnessed  the settlement of Richard Taylor's Missouri Lands claims.

MCCOY. -- Daniel McCoy, for whom McCoy's creek is named, came to Missouri, or Upper Louisiana, in 1797, in company with his brothers, John and Joseph, and his father-in-law, Henry Zumwalt. In 1804 Mr. McCoy was commissioned Lieutenant of a company of militia in St. Charles district, and served until the close of the Indian war in 1815, when he was discharged. His discharge papers were signed by Capt. Bailey, who was First Lieutenant in Capt. Callaway's company before the death of the latter.
Mr. [Daniel] McCoy married Rachel Zumwalt, by whom he had eight children -- John, Frances, Sarah, Nancy, Elizabeth, Mahala, Margaret, and Joseph.
--John died single. Frances married her cousin, William McCoy, a son of James McCoy, who settled in St. Charles county in 1814. They had ten children -- Nathan, Rachel, Susan, Lucinda, John, Elizabeth, Mary, William, James M. and Frances. Sarah McCoy married Fred. Keishler, who settled in Lincoln county. Nancy married John Cain, who settled in St. Charles county. Elizabeth married Phillip Cannon, of St. Charles county. Margaret married James Tenney, of St. Charles county. Joseph died a bachelor, in St. Charles county, in 1849.
(Children of James McCoy, Sr.) James, Jr., came to Missouri with his father in 1814. He married Rachel Doty, and settled in Lincoln county. Four of his brothers, John, Martin, Benjamin, and David, also settled in that county.
John McCoy, Sr., brother of Daniel, had four sons -- David, John, Joseph, and Timothy. David and John settled in Texas. Timothy, usually called Tim, was an original character, and we give some anecdotes of him elsewhere. He married Sarah Van Burkleo, daughter of William Van Burkleo.

    A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri, p. 174.


The most important settlement in the St. Charles district was Portage des Sioux, located on the Mississippi on the tongue of land between this river and the Missouri, and where the Missouri approaches nearest to the Mississippi, north of the mouth of that river. According to Beck, Portage des Sioux derived its name from the fact that the Missouris, who at one time had their huts near here, being at war with the Sioux, and having heard that the Sioux were coming down the Mississippi on a foraging expedition, with the hope to surprise them, ambushed themselves at the mouth of the river in considerable numbers, but the Sioux, being more cunning, instead of going to the mouth of the river, landed at a point since known as Portage des Sioux, above the mouth of the river and carried their canoes across to the Missouri, and thus evaded their enemies, and escaped with their spoils.

The village of Portage des Sioux was established at the insistence of the Spanish authorities in 1799, and to countervail, in the words of Trudeau, "a military post which the Americans intended to form at a place called Paysa, a point near the present site of Alton, not far from the mouth of the Missouri, on the opposite or east side of the Mississippi." Although no such military establishment was formed there by the Americans, no doubt it was rumored that such an establishment would be made. It was a point always thought to be a favorable location for a military post to control the trade on the Missouri river. When the English first took possession of the Illinois country on the east side of the Mississippi river a military post near the mouth of the Missouri was recommended as highly important. Frazier, in 1768, urged the establishment of a fort opposite the mouth of "the Missouries' river, which would give us command of that river." So, also, when the Spaniards took possession of the Illinois country west of the Mississippi, the first military movement was to establish a fort north of the mouth of the Missouri. In 1799 the Spanish authorities appear again to have been deeply impressed with the importance of a post at or near the mouth of the Missouri, and accordingly Francois Saucier, at that time a resident of St. Charles, was requested to form a settlement at what was then known as "La Portage des Sioux," and to draw to that point Creole inhabitants from the east side of the river. . .

Among the early inhabitants of Portage des Sioux we find Pedro Vial, who was sent by the governor of New Mexico to explore a route from Santa Fe to St. Louis in 1798. . .

About twenty miles from St. Charles, the Femme Osage empties its waters into the Missouri. This creek is about thirty yards wide, and during the Spanish dominion an American settlement was formed here. The earliest settler was Daniel Morgan Boone, in 1797, a son of Daniel Boone, and a slave owner, then indicating a man of wealth. His father subsequently, in 1799, came to the country on the invitation of Trudeau, who promised him a grant of one thousand arpens of land. In 1800 he was appointed by DeLassus commandant of the Femme Osage district. When he first arrived in the country he lived with his son, Daniel Morgan Boone, for several years, afterward with another son, Nathan, and finally moved further up the Missouri to La Charette, where he died. He did not cultivate his grant of land on the Femme Osage, because advised by DeLassus that, as commandant, under the Spanish law, he did not come within the meaning of the rules and regulations requiring cultivation of land before title could be perfected. By the commissioners, however, for the settlement of Spanish land titles, his claim to the land was rejected, but afterward in 1814, confirmed by a special act of Congress. . .

The Cuivre settlement was located on Cuivre river, or Riviere aux Boeuf (Buffalo river), which drains the western part of Lincoln county. This river is formed by the junction of the north and west forks. The junction of these streams is in about the center of Lincoln county, and thence the river flows around the southern end of the main ridge o hills extending south parallel with the Missouri, and being joined by Big Creek and Eagle's Fork, runs in an easterly direction debouching into the Mississippi about 30 miles above the mouth of the Missouri. This stream was in the early days called Cuivre or Copper river, because it was supposed by the early French pioneers that copper was, or would be, found in the country tributary to it. In the wide and fertile bottoms of this stream, well wooded and shut in by bold escarpments of rock, many American settlers secured grants from the Spanish officers. Where the two forks of the Cuivre meet, Richard Taylor secured a Spanish grant. James Mackay made a claim for 13,835 arpents on the Cuivre river, as a reward for services rendered the Spanish government, in making an exploration in 1795 of the upper Missouri, under the orders of Baron de Carondelet, Governor-General, and Don Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, Intendant General at New Orleans. James Lewis in 1799 owned a flour mill on this stream, but in the spring of 1803 was compelled to abandon it on account of the Indians, returning in the fall. The settlers on Cuivre were much exposed to Indian attacks, and often obliged to leave their lands on account of Indian depredations.

    Louis Houck, "A History of Missouri, The Earliest Explorations and Settlements until the Admission of the State into the Union v. 2," <> 22 September 2012.

Perhaps the first white men to camp in what is now Lincoln County, were members of La Sueur's expedition. They camped on the Cuivre River, which after killing a buffalo bull and cow, they called the "Riviere aux Boeufs."

About the year 1800, there was a small settlement in the "Forks of the Cuivre" where the North fork joins the West fork, in about the center of Lincoln County. The first settlers there were James MACKAY, Richard TAYLOR, and James LEWIS who had a flour mill there in 1799.

    Tidbits of Lincoln County History, Genealogy Webpage, 4 December 1999 <> 22 September 2012.

Survey by Antoine Soulard. 1000 Arpents on Cuivre River to James Lewis.
Survey by Antoine Soulard. 900 Arpents on Cuivre River to James Lewis.
-James Lewis was in the Missouri Rangers in the Indian War of 1812 as Lieutenant of the 5th Calvary, 3rd Regiment, and saw action at Rock River in Captain James Callaway's Company.
-The next year he served from June 30-Dec 31 under Captain Williamson in the United States Mounted Rangers as a Private. This service continued over into 1814 from Jan-March 31 and again from May until Dec 31 of that year.
-James served again from Jan - June 20 in 1815.
Stouts Fort (Home Fort)
Stouts Fort was a small stockade located on top of a small hill. It was located about one mile south of the town of Auburn, Missouri which has long since disappeared. <>.
Head of Household M +45 M 18-44 M -18 F +14 F -14
James Louis 0 1 4 1 2
Lincoln Co MO Court Case:
1/25/1820. James Lewis vs. Samuel H. Lewis. Samuel H. Lewis, the neighbor, had constructed a fence which cut off the free passage of James and his animals to the spring water used to water his stock. Samuel also removed and kept James' spring house where his milk was kept. The jury found James' grievances justified and demanded Samuel return the property and restore access to the water and pay the court costs. The suit was resolved 5/ 29/1820.
Probate Record of James Lewis - File 12
27 June 1825. Troy, Lincoln, Missouri.
The heirs listed at the time of probate were: Sarah (Sally) Lewis and children: Elizabeth Bean, Nancy Lewis, John Lewis, Fielding Lewis, James Lewis, Lemuel Lewis, Zachariah Lewis, and Icefenia Lewis.
Two children not listed are Cynthia, apparently died by this time, and Sarah.
Males Born After # Lewis Females Born After # Lewis
100+       100+      
to 100 1730     to 100 1730    
to 90 1740     to 90 1740    
to 80 1750     to 80 1750    
to 70 1760     to 70 1760    
to 60 1770     to 60 1770    
to 50 1780     to 50 1780  1 Sarah
to 40 1790     to 40 1790  0  
to 30 1800     to 30 1800  1 Nancy
to 20 1810  2 John
to 20 1810  0  
to 15 1815  1 Lemuel to 15 1815  0  
to 10 1820  1 James to 10 1820  1 Cynthia
to 5 1825  0   to 5 1825  1 Isophena
Lincoln Co MO Records:
From 1833 through 1840, the farm land was sold off to Thomas Wright from Clarke Co KY and the proceeds were divided among seven heirs: Elizabeth Bean, Nancy Lewis, John Lewis, James Lewis, Lemuel Lewis, Zachariah Lewis, and Icefenia Lewis. Though Fielding was an heir in 1828, he does not share in the sale of the farm. So he is likely deceased also before 1833.
Males Born After



Females Born After # Lewis
100+ 100+
to 100 1740 to 100 1740
to 90 1750 to 90 1750
to 80 1760 to 80 1760
to 70 1770 to 70 1770
to 60 1780 to 60 1780 1 Sarah
to 50 1790 to 50 1790
to 40 1800 to 40 1800
to 30 1810 to 30 1810
to 20 1820 1 Zachariah? to 20 1820 1 Sarah
to 15 1825 to 15 1825
to 10 1830 to 10 1830
to 5 1835 to 5 1835


    1. Elizabeth Lewis

    2. Nancy Lewis

1850 Federal Census: Adams County, Illinois
HN  FN  LAST   FIRST       AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH    
16      Wilson James M     39  M             Kentucky
               Nancy       45  F             Missouri
               Fielding J  17  M             Illinois
               Daniel R    15  M             Illinois
               Marietta    12  F             Illinois
               John W      10  M             Illinois
               Henry F      7  M             Illinois
1860 Federal Census: Adams County, Illinois
HN  FN  LAST   FIRST       AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH
840     Wilson James M     54  M             KY
               Nancy       54  F             MO
               John        19  M             IL
               Sarah       16  F             MO

    3. John Henry Lewis

1850 Federal Census: Scotland County, Missouri
HN  FN   LAST       FIRST      AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH    
84  84   Lewis     John       42  M   Farmer    Maryland?
                   Sophia     36  F             Kentucky
                   William    11  M             Illinois
                   Mary E      9  F             Illinois
                   John J      7  M             Missouri
                   Martha J    5  F             Missouri
                   Thomas S    3  M             Missouri
                   Theresa L   2  F             Missouri
         Alexander Theresa    61  F             Kentucky

    4. Fielding Lewis

    5.Lemuel Lewis

1850 Federal Census: Scotland County, Missouri
HN  FN   LAST   FIRST      AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH    
61  61   Lewis  Lemuel     33  M   Farmer    Missouri
                Laurina    21  F             Georgia
                James       7  M             Illinois
                George M    4  M             Missouri
                Sarah A     2  F             Missouri
1860 Federal Census: Adams County, Illinois
HN  FN  LAST   FIRST       AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH
        Louis  Lemuel      40  M             MO
               Lovinia     38  F             GA
               James       17  M             ILS
               Nathaniel    7  M             ILS
               Samuel R     5  M             ILS
               Andrew       0  M             ILS
Lemuel Lewis)
Regiment Name 21st Missouri Infantry
Side Union
Company  C
Soldier's Rank_In  Private
Soldier's Rank_Out  Private
Lewis, Limuel , d. 09/10/1862, US Army, Plot: 26 0 5849, bur. 09/10/1862

    6. James Lewis b. 1814 St. Charles Co MO

    7. Zachariah Lewis

Research Note: Lots of folks from the St. Louis area west west during the 1849 Gold Rush. And, many did not return to Missouri.

1850 Federal Census: El Dorado County, California
HN  FN   LAST   FIRST      AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH
16       Lewis  Zachariah  27  M   Panning   MO
                                   for gold
         Petrie Goshan     19  M   "      "  IL

    8. Cynthia Lewis

    9. Sarah Lewis

    10. Isophena (Josephine) Lewis

1850 Federal Census: Adams County, Illinois
HN  FN   LAST   FIRST       AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH    
177      Crook  William G   30  M             Kentucky
                Josaphina   26  F             Missouri
                James        6  M             Illinois
                Zacheriah    4  M             Illinois
                William      2  M             Illinois
1860 Federal Census: Adams County, Illinois
HN  FN  LAST   FIRST       AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH
377     Crook  William L   49  M             KY
               Josephine   35  F             IL
               John        14  M             IL
               Zachariah   13  M             IL
               William     11  M             IL
               Sarah        6  F             IL
               Josaphina    5  F             IL
               Nancy        1  F             IL
1870 Federal Census: Adams County, Illinois
HN  FN  LAST   FIRST       AGE Sex Occup.    BIRTH
153     Crook  William G   59  M             KY
               Josephine   45  F             MO
               James       24  M             IL
               Zachariah   23  M             IL
               William     21  M             IL
               Idilla      17  F             IL
               Josephine   15  F             IL
               Nancy       11  F             IL
               Charles      6  M             IL
               Chance       2  M             IL

Generation #6


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