-List of Civil War Battles <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_American_Civil_War_battles>
-Mississippi Units in the Civil War: <http://mississippiscv.org/MS_Units/mississippi_history.htm>
-Battle of Vicksburg, Confederate Order of Battle: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicksburg_Confederate_order_of_battle>
Histories are generally written by the winners. Thus, we can easily learn the disposition of the Federal forces who were engaged in the many battles of the Civil War. While compiling these vignettes of the many Confederate Regiments, the task is to put together the dispositions of the enemy forces--our veterans-- who were engaged, creating a historical narrative.
Selected Campaigns of the Western Theater
1. 5Simeon Thomas Lewis, [KIA] 4Willis Bonaparte Lewis, 3Bernis Bonaparte Lewis, 2Arnold D. Lewis, 1Charles E. Lewis
PVT Simeon Thomas Lewis (aged 42) served in Co B, 5th Mississippi Infantry (State Troops). This unit was envisioned as a Civil War version of the Revolutionary War Minute Men for the State of Mississippi. During MG Grant's Siege of Vicksburg, this unit was stationed on the north side of the Vicksburg salient in reserve for Smith's Division. And, two of Grandpa Simeon Thomas' teenaged sons, Walden and Jacob, served with him. In son Jacob's obituary, we learn that "his father [Simeon Thomas] was killed by his [Jacob's] side." Simeon Thomas was killed 6/6/1863 at Vicksburg and is buried in an unmarked grave under the road leading to the Union Army Cemetery.
2. 5William Wesley McPhearson, 4Mary Jane McPhearson, 3Bernis Bonaparte Lewis , 2Arnold D. Lewis, 1Charles E. Lewis
CPL William Wesley McPhearson (aged 34) served in Co G "Tolson Guards," 8th Mississippi Infantry, CSA. This unit served in Florida and Mississippi, then was assigned to General J. K. Jackson's, Gist's, and Lowry's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. They fought in the Army's campaigns from Kentucky to Murfreesboro to Chickamauga to Atlanta, were with Hood in Tennessee, and saw action in North Carolina where Grandpa William Wesley was paroled at the end of hostilities.
3. 5John Campbell, 4Columbus Campbell, 3Tommie Lenora Campbell, 2Arnold D. Lewis, 1Charles E. Lewis
1SG John Campbell (aged 27) served in Co A "Gaines Invincibles," 46th Mississippi Infantry, CSA. This unit served in S.D. Lee's and Baldwin's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. The unit participated in the long Siege of Vicksburg and was captured on July 4, 1863. After the exchange, the unit was assigned to General Baldwin's, Tucker's, and Sears' Brigade. They fought in the Atlanta Campaign, endured Hood's winter operations in Tennessee, and had many disabled at Franklin TN. The 46th withdrew with the remnant of the Confederate Army of Tennessee to Tupelo MS where they were furloughed until February 1865. Only a remnant surrendered near Mobile AL in May of 1865, including Grandpa John Campbell.
4. 5Robeson Lee, 4Mary Susannah "Minnie" Lee, 3Tommie Lenora Campbell, 2Arnold D. Lewis, 1Charles E. Lewis
PVT Robeson Lee (aged 44) served in Co H, 5th Mississippi Infantry (State Troops). This unit was envisioned as a Civil War version of the Revolutionary War Minute Men for the State of Mississippi. During MG Grant's Siege of Vicksburg, this unit was stationed on the north side of the Vicksburg salient in reserve for Smith's Division. Grandpa Rob was paroled after the surrender of Vicksburg. Some veterans re-enlisted in Regular Confederate units, but most returned home after being paroled. Grandpa Rob returned home and reportedly fought rear-area Union troops as a Confederate Partisan.
5. 5Joseph Brannoc Wilkinson, 4Charles Brannoc Wilkinson, 3Dolly Cornelia Wilkinson, 2June Elizabeth Weaver, 1Charles E. Lewis
PVT J. B. Wilkinson (aged 24) enlisted 6/1846 in the 1st Regiment, Missouri Mounted Volunteers and served in the Mexican-American War. The unit returned to New Orleans where J. B. was discharged 6/1847.
PVT J. B. Wilkinson (aged 38) served in Co A "Franklin Rifles," 7th Mississippi Infantry, CSA. This unit served on the Mississippi coast, fought at Shiloh TN, saw action in Kentucky, then was assigned to Generals J.P. Anderson's, Tucker's, and Sharp's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. The 7th participated in many conflicts with the army from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, marched with Hood to Tennessee, and fought in North Carolina. Grandpa J. B., a veteran of the Mexican-American War, served for about a year and a half and was discharged 12/6/1862 after the Kentucky Campaign. According to NARA records, J.B. Wilkinson was discharged because he was over 40 years-old. J.B., who was born 11/16/1822, had just turned 40 by his date of discharge.
6. 6William M. Case, 5Perry J. Case, 4Elizabeth Vivian Case, 3Dolly Cornelia Wilkinson, 2June Elizabeth Weaver, 1Charles E. Lewis
[CPL] William Case (aged 37) enlisted 7/14/1862 as the Senior Corporal in Co E, Quinn's 2nd Miss Infantry (State Troops). This was in response to new Confederate legislation for organization of State Reserves. In Mississippi, persons 17 to 18 and 35 to 45 were assigned to regiments known as State Troops. Grandpa William attended the many musters with Co E, but never deployed with the Quinn's 2nd Miss Infantry (State Troops) [MST] to combat. And, the last known roster for Co E, 2nd MST was on 9/4/1862.
Individual companies of the 2nd MST periodically mustered and deployed in support of the Confederate war effort, only to be released to their homes with weapons in hand, literally to defend the home-front as the Union Army of the Tennessee swept back and forth across the state during the battle for and siege of Vicksburg. Along with the other soldiers over 40 and under 18, Grandpa William was discharged in 6/1864; as he had just turned 40. And, Grandpa William's second enlistment was in 8/1864 with Co E, 24th Battalion Miss Cavalry, CSA.
[SGT] In February of 1864, the Seven Stars Artillery was reorganized as Moorman's Battalion (Mississippi Cavalry), later to be designated as the 24th Battalion, Mississippi Cavalry with LTC George Moorman as commander and Major Calvitt Roberts as adjutant. In August of 1864, Grandpa William Case chose to enlist as a Sergeant and serve with his friends and neighbors in Co E, 24th Battalion, Miss Cavalry, CSA.
The 24th BN, Miss Cavalry served with Col. Wood's Cavalry Brigade, BG Wirt Adams' Cavalry Division, under MG Franklin Gardner, District of Mississippi and East Louisiana and then with LTG Nathan Bedford Forrest's Cavalry Corps until the end of the war. With the surrender of LTG Johnston's Army of Tennessee, the disparate commands of the Department of Mississippi were the last remaining Confederate forces in the field. On 5/9/1865, LTG Forrest surrendered his entire Corps at Gainesville AL. The last military record for Grandpa William was on 5/12/1865 when he was paroled. <http://www.gainesville-vols.org/activitiesevents.html>
7. 6Thomas W. Burke, [KIA] 5Margaret Burke, 4Elizabeth Vivian Case, 3Dolly Cornelia Wilkinson, 2June Elizabeth Weaver, 1Charles E. Lewis
PVT Thomas Burke (aged 38) served in Co E "Franklin Beauregards," 7th Mississippi Infantry, CSA. This unit served on the Mississippi coast, fought at Shiloh TN, saw action in Kentucky, then was assigned to Generals J.P. Anderson's, Tucker's, and Sharp's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. The 7th participated in many conflicts with the army from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, marched with Hood to Tennessee, and fought in North Carolina. Grandpa Thomas died in October of 1862 during the Kentucky Campaign. According to NARA records, Grandpa Thomas was "captured and died in the hands of the enemy in Kentucky." Let us be generous and presume that he died of wounds suffered in battle. Grandpa Thomas is buried at Bardstown Cemetery, Nelson Co KY. And, his tombstone shows date of death as 10/31/1862. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Perryville#Confederate>
Request by Pres. Jefferson Davis dtd 3/28/1862
The Chair presented a message from the President; which was read and referred to the Committee on Military Affairs, and is as follows: Executive Department, March 28, 1862.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the Confederate
The operation of the various laws now in force for raising armies has
exhibited the necessity for reform. The frequent changes and
amendments which have been made have rendered the system so complicated
as to make it often quite
difficult to determine what the law really is, and to what extent
prior enactments are modified by more recent legislation.
Military and Naval Laws of the Confederate States
II. Provisional Army
Statutes at Large of the Confederate States of